many Veterans are arranged into the police and fire departments.
The peak of the war, the U.S. military stationed in Iraq, a total of 170,000 soldiers. War of nine years, there have been more than 1.5 million U.S. troops in Iraq.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, October, 18 to 24-year-old Veterans of the unemployment rate was 30.4%. 18 to 24-year-old black veteran’s unemployment rate hit a staggering 48%. 18 to 24-year-old veteran currently has 32 million people. According to White House estimates, the next five years there will be one million Veterans into the job force.
Former battlefield heroes living by selling blood
In Afghanistan, Corporal Clayton Roden’s task is to search for the helicopter on a suspected improvised explosive device or to verify underground bomb factory, the monthly income of about $ 2,500; and now, who has excellent performance on the battlefield heroes can only squeeze In the parents’ home in Columbus, Ohio, in exchange for $ 80 a week by selling blood, and occasionally for the Marine Corps reserve forces to play some odd jobs.
25-year-old Roden love a soldier, polite but some slow. As the war Veterans, Roden than their peers in the encounter more difficult to find a job. U.S. officials said that with the complete withdrawal of U.S. troops in Iraq, the situation will worsen, because, according to White House estimates, the next five years there will be one million Veterans join the job force.
Young Veterans and National Guard or Reserve military service among young people, according to U.S. Department of Labor statistics, in October this year, the youngest veterans aged 18 to 24 the number of 32 million, the unemployment rate was 30.4%, than other people the same age more than double, while 18 to 24-year-old black veteran of the unemployment rate is a staggering 48%. Veterans 25 to 34 years old although the unemployment rate and people with similar age, but like Roden such reservists employment prospects remain bleak. July 2010, their unemployment rate is 21%.
Why Veterans find a job more difficult? Veterans are a young high school, low educational level, lack the necessary job skills is one of the reasons. Employment and George Mason University economics professor, said Stephen Fuller, and even some professional army are due to software or electronics technician rapid development of the industry, not qualified retired after working in the new Silicon Valley, not to mention those who do not have the professional skills of ordinary soldiers the. Seemingly the military and civilian integration jobs, such as emergency medical workers or truck drivers, does not mean you can direct the transition to civilian jobs – even earlier in the army is open armored vehicles, and retired after driving examination required by state , can be employed to drive a truck.
He said that now the work is suitable for young Veterans security, but the market is nearly saturated and competition is very fierce.
Long from the community, leaving Veterans lack a competitive edge, even if they are disciplined, well-trained. Some employers believe that the army is not 8 years of experience in 8 years. House Foreign War Veterans Affairs Committee and deputy director 赖恩加卢奇 said in September they held a job summit, many companies are complaining about, Veterans difficult to adapt to corporate culture.
Veterans employers as Many Veterans also said that the most critical is that they feel a loss of transformation.
29-year-old Veterans Hutchinson said: br />
In addition to the lack of skills and work experience, Veterans mental health is a significant cause of employment difficulties. Many have experienced the front-line soldiers fire smoke have a But in the interview, some of the Veterans that employers overestimated these problems. The Nairn said.
But it was also acknowledged, PTSD does affect their work. Hutchinson battle with their own disability payments funded a project called Brooks was wounded in Iraq, the Army psychologist diagnosed him suffering from PTSD, but he has no money for treatment. Brooks said he had the Department of Veterans Affairs for assistance, but did not receive a response. Now he can not find full-time job, only to live in their parents cars tents along the banks, the construction site to play once a week to odd jobs. Hutchinson said he would help Brooks get medical benefits.
Although Brooks has a high school diploma, but can find other work is still a sense of loss. He said that if he would prefer to re-join the army.
Parties are working hard, but the outlook is not optimistic
For the placement of veterans issues, the Obama administration has pledged to give priority to be addressed, since the 2008 fiscal year, the U.S. government has hired 85,000 Veterans. Obama will increase federal agencies hire veterans as top priority in fiscal year 2010, all federal civilian workers employed 25% of veterans. At the state and local levels, many Veterans are arranged into the police and fire departments.
However, despite a higher proportion of government employment Veterans also are of very little, but the government is tightening spending, only in the past two months, federal, state, and local jobs on the reduction of 5.7 million.
To help veterans employment, the U.S. Senate on November 10 voted a tax incentives bill. The bill stipulates that enterprises employing at least 4 weeks unemployed veterans receive $ 2,400 tax incentives; hire unemployed veterans of more than six months, receive $ 5,600 in tax credits; employ unemployed for more than six months and wounded during service disabled veterans, get $ 9,600 tax breaks. Act also provides that unemployment veterans qualify for education and job training services. The U.S. government is also developing a Response to the call of some employers, such as JP Morgan Chase and Verizon Communications and other large companies have signed the undertaking, employing 100 000 2020 Veterans.
Within the armed forces are also trying to help soldiers out of barracks to better adapt to life. U.S. military base at Fort Bliss officials, since 1991, based on the launch of the Soldiers from the U.S. Department of Labor will participate in the organization of workshops, learning such as writing resumes, dress, interviewing, salary negotiation skills.
But even if the parties are working hard, the outlook is still not optimistic, Ted Walter on behalf of Georgia opened a He said that after 10 years of war, bosses are worried that employees who have experienced military service will no longer be sent to the front at any time to go.